► Prehistory (17th to early 19th century), Early schools of surgery

The first teaching pulpit for surgery was founded in Innsbruck as early as 1730 and taken over by Hieronymus Bacchetoni. Bacchetoni came from a family of wound doctors in Northern Italy. In addition to the school of surgery, the French field surgeon Ambroise Paré (1510 - 1590) and the founder of German-speaking scientific surgery Lorenz Heister (1683 - 1758) were important. For a long time, the number of wound specialists working as artisan surgeons in the old Tyrol far exceeded the number of trained doctors.

► Schools of wound medicine and training of surgeons at the universities with special emphasis on Innsbruck (late 18th to 19th century)

From 1782 to 1869 - apart from short periods of reconstruction - the Innsbruck Medical School existed only in the form of a lyceum. In 1824 a separate surgical department was established at the Innsbruck City Hospital. Until the end of the 19th century, wound and academically trained general practitioners as well as surgeons and early specialists worked side by side.

► The founding period of Innsbruck surgery in the late 19th century.

The Innsbruck Medical Faculty was re-established in 1869. One of the first appointments was that of surgeon Karl Ritter von Heine from Heidelberg to Innsbruck. The other professors came mainly from the school of Vienna or from Prague. Theodor Billroth (1829 - 1894) and Anton v. Eiselsberg (1860 - 1939), who had a decisive influence on Innsbruck until well into the 20th century, were the pioneers of surgical subjects. At this time both the Theoretical Institutes and the clinics - the latter in pavilion style - were built. The then new Surgical Clinic was opened in 1888.

► Other Innsbruck surgeon personalities up to the modern

► Representative of the "Surgical School Innsbruck" of the 20th and 21st century

► old surgery building (pavilion)


Surgical clinic in 1954

The property was built in the course of the construction of the "New City Hospital" between 1885 and 1887, the opening was in 1888, and the new Innsbruck hospital complex was built in the pavilion style that was considered "modern" for hospital construction at the time.

The pavilion of the Surgical Clinic comprised: basement, mezzanine and first floor with a northern extension for teaching purposes, as well as one sick person's block each on the east and west side of the clinic pavilion. Later (1915) a small new building for the orthopaedic department was constructed, which was extended in 1950. In 1948, the Innsbruck hospital became the property of the province of Tyrol and since then has been called "Landeskrankenhaus - Universitätskliniken Innsbruck". The building of the Surgical Clinic survived both World Wars and was demolished after completion of the new building of the Surgical Clinics on the present site (1961 - 1968) in connection with the construction of the Gynaecological and Head Clinic in 1971. (K.H. Velano)

► new surgery (modern building construction)

► Conversion of new surgery

► Emeritus Prof. Gschnitzer

► Emeritus Prof. Margreiter